Bachelard, Gaston

   Born in Bar-sur-Aube, Gaston Bachelard worked for the Ministry of Communications and studied both the sciences and philosophy, then taught in the Faculty of Letters at Dijon (1930-40) and later at the sorbonne. Analyzing the parameters of scientific knowledge, he maintained that progress could be attained only by overcoming epistemo-logical obstacles (immediate perception, opinion, results considered to be definitive) as he sought to "establish the rudiments of a rational psychoanalysis." An open philosopher (dialectic), Bachelard integrated aspects of philosophy and psychoanalysis. His philosophy of science can be described as an applied rationalism (Le Nouveau Esprit scientifique, 1934; La Formation de l'esprit scientifique, 1938; Le Rationalisme appliqué, 1948; Le Matérialisme rationnel, 1953). To the world of rationality, he juxtaposed a complimentary universe of the poetic imagination and its symbols, which draw inspiration from the natural elements (earth, air, fire, water) and which Bachelard attempted to apply to a method of psy-coanalysis (La Psychoanalyse du feu, 1937; L'Eau et les rêves, 1941; L'Air et les songes, 1943; La Terre et les rêveries de la volonté, 1948; La Terre et les rêveries du repos, 1948; La Poétique de la rêverie, 1960).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Bachelard, Gaston — (1894 1962) A founding figure in the historically oriented French tradition in philosophy of science, Bachelard was also concerned with the characteristics of creative thought in the arts. Like Thomas Kuhn, Bachelard argued against a pervasive… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Bachelard, Gaston — (1884–1962) French philosopher of science, largely self taught, who from 1940 to 1955 was the professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne in Paris. Bachelard propounds a view of science not as a gradually increasing total body… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bachelard, Gaston — See Science ( …   History of philosophy

  • Bachelard — Bachelard, Gaston …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Gaston Bachelard — (27 de junio de 1884 16 de octubre de 1962) fue un filósofo francés (epistemólogo), poeta, físico, profesor de física y crítico francés. Autor inclasificable, estuvo interesado por la historia de la ciencia, moderna o contemporánea, y al mismo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bachelard — (Gaston) (1884 1962) philosophe français. épistémologue (le Nouvel Esprit scientifique, 1934), il a entrepris une psychanalyse existentielle de la matière: Psychanalyse du feu (1938), l Eau et les Rêves (1942), l Air et les Songes (1943), la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gaston Bachelard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bachelard (homonymie). Gaston Bachelard Philosophe français XXe siècle Naissance 27 juin  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaston Bachelard — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = 20th Century Philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Gaston Bachelard birth = 1884 death = 1962 school tradition = main interests = Philosophy of science influences = influenced =… …   Wikipedia

  • Bachelard — Gaston Bachelard Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bachelard (homonymie). Gaston Bachelard Philosophe français XXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaston Bachelard — (* 27. Juni 1884 in Bar sur Aube; † 16. Oktober 1962 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph, der sich mit Wissenschaftstheorie und Dichtung gleichermaßen beschäftigte. In Wissenschaft wie künstlerischer Imagination sah Bachelard zwei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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